Wood floors require expansion space at the wall. Moldings are used
to cover the expansion area, to hide cut ends, to create height
differences, and to accent the floor. Profiles are many and vary
through the industry. Here are some examples.
BASE -- from 3/8" to 5/8"thick, from 1
1/2" to 4+" high; used to protect the wall and
"picture-frame" the wood floor.
- Modern or Streamline
SHOE -- from 3/8" to 5/8" thick from 1/2" to
1" high; used on vertical face bases to complete expansion cover
- age; flexible enough to conform to irregular surfaces.
QUARTER ROUND -- one quarter of a full round; from 1/2"
to 1"; used as shoe in some areas.
REDUCER -- from 3/8" to 3/4" thick, 1" to 2
1/2" wide; used to make transition in thickness from wood floor
down to thinner or thicker surface (hard tile or carpet), generally at
RISER -- 3/4" thick, various widths, used to create the
verticle "rise" in the step.
TREAD -- 1" to 1-1/16" thick, 8" to 12"
wide, the actual step surface.
NOSE (Nosing) -- also called stair nose, bull nose,
stairwell trim, landing tread. Thickness is same as flooring(
3/4" or floor material is sometimes used). These are used to
create finished edges on the top step, around stairwell, sunken living
room, etc. Finished moldings should match your floor or be painted to
match other nearby trims. The detail of using the correct moldings
makes for a good installation, and speaks well of the installer. Make
sure these details are addressed before or during the installation.
See: Manufacturers/ Specialty Products/ Moldings