Floor Finishing  | How to Refinish My Hardwood Floors | Types of Wood Floor Finishes


Domestic Wood Floors Stained
Stains & Finishes

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The appearance of the wood determines how it is "graded." All grades are equally strong and serviceable, yet afford the consumer different looks.                                     

OAK and ASH Basic Grades - Four(4).

CLEAR is free of defects though it may have minor imperfections.
Clear Red Oak 

SELECT & BETTER is almost clear, but contains more natural characteristics such as knots and color variations.
Select Red Oak

"Common" grades (No. 1 and No. 2) have more markings than either clear or select and are often chosen because of these natural features and the character they bring to a room.

#1 Common Red Oak RED OAK # 1 Common has a variegated appearance, light and dark colors, knots, flags and worm holes.

#2 Red OakRED OAK-# 2 Common is rustic in appearance and allow all wood characteristics of the species.



Hard MAPLE, BEECH, BIRCH, PECAN - Three (3) Grades:

1st GRADE MAPLE"First" has the best appearance, natural color variations and limited character marks.

2nd GRADE MAPLE"Second" is variegated in appearance with varying sound wood characteristics of

"Third" is rustic in appearance allowing all wood characteristics of the species.

Wood Flooring Cuts

The angle at which a board is cut makes big differences in how the finished product looks. Wood flooring is either plainsawn, quartersawn or riftsawn.

Plainsawn is the most common cut. The board contains more variation than the other two cuts because figure patterns resulting from the growth rings are more conspicuous.

Quartersawing produces less board feet per log than plainsawing and is therefore more expensive. Quartersawn wood twists and cups less and wears more evenly.

Riftsawn is similar to quartersawing, but the cut is made at a slightly different angle. (Graphic)


SOLID vs LAMINATED(Engineered) Manufacturing Method
Saw Cut vs Knife Cut
graphics provided by: floorsearch.com

Types of Construction
Solid vs Laminated


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